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Investing in Women Asia conducted a survey of urbanites in big cities in Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. This study was conducted in 1000 women and 1000 men with ages ranging from 18 to 40 years. There are two division of findings. The first is about normalizing the role of men at home, such as doing household and taking care of children. As well as normalizing the economic role of women for their welfare.
In research on the normalization of the role of men at home, there are several key findings, namely:
- Male and female respondent have different perceptions regarding the amount of housework and unpaid care men do. Men reported they do more than women think they do. Yet it is clear that men are sharing, to varying degrees, in housework and to a lesser extent in childcare.
- Gendered beliefs prevail on what tasks are best done by men and women with household tasks and care viewed mainly as women’s work and maintenance as men’s work. Interestingly, there were a significant percentage of respondents (most often, over one-third who think that tasks are done equally well by both men and women. The degree to which stereotypes are held varies across countries.
- Respondent’s opinions on parental leave correlate closely with existing legislation where women are given significantly more leave then men. Both women and men are supportive of more paternity leave.
In research on the normalization of the economic role of women for their welfare, there are several key findings, namely:
- While, in general women are less likely to be in full time employment and tend to earn less than their partner, the majority of married or partnered respondents have dual incomes and women are contributing significantly to household incomes.
- While women are ambitious to work in senior roles in Indonesia and the Philippines they are less ambitious then women in Vietnam.
- Women in Indonesia and Vietnam reported their primary reason for working is economic independence, while Filipinas said their primary motivation was to contribute to the household income.
- Women feel they do most of the household labour. Over half of female respondents from Indonesia and the Philippines who do most of the housework and childcare do not want to change the (unequal) amount of work men do in the home, whereas nearly two-thirds of female respondents from Vietnam wish that men would do more.
- Women in the Philippines are the least likely to have taken maternity leave, while parental leave rates for women are significantly higher than that of men and perceived to be rightly so.